Once the animal has been
rendered unconscious, exsanguination procedures should be initiated
to ensure death using a pointed, very sharp knife with a rigid blade
at least 6 inches in length. As indicated previously, exsanguination
procedures are required with the use of penetrating captive bolt.
The knife should be fully inserted through the skin just behind the
point of the jaw and below the neck bones. From this position the
knife is drawn forward severing the jugular vein, carotid artery,
and windpipe. Properly performed, blood should flow freely with death
occurring within a few minutes (See diagram at right).
Alternatively, one may sever the brachial vasculature by lifting a
front leg and inserting the knife deeply into the axillary area at
the point of the elbow and cutting the skin, blood vessels, and surrounding
tissue until the limb can be laid back away from the thorax of the
animal. Regardless of the method used, great care should be exercised
in performing exsanguination procedures. Although unconscious, animals
in this state are capable of violent involuntary movement that may
cause personal injury (See diagram below).
Exsanguination by severance of major blood vessels
in the neck:
1) Jugular Vein, (indicated in blue color), 2) Carotid Artery,
(indicated in red color), and 3) Trachea or Windpipe (white